Lignite improved biogas production during anaerobic digestion of swine manure
• Anaerobic digestion (AD) converts organic waste into biogas, a renewable fuel which is a potential solution for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and energy crisis.
• Poor operational stability, caused by the variable (or low) quality of the manure such as high total ammoniacal nitrogen (TAN), and low C:N ratio, results in inefficient AD.
• Lignite is an intermediary product between peat and black coal and has been found to reduce ammonia emissions from animal manure. • High cation exchange capacity of lignite can reduce TAN.
• The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of lignite on the performance of anaerobic digestion of nitrogen (N) rich swine manure.
• Key words: Anaerobic digestion, Ammonia, Biogas, Lignite, Methan